What are they?
They are dependent or subordinate clauses that act as nouns . Noun clauses begin with; when, where, whether, which, that, how, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, and why.
Noun clauses can act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, or objects of a preposition.
As a Subject
- Whenever I am hungry, I eat something.
- Whatever they said, I didn’t understand.
As Direct Object (Someone or something that directly receives the action of the verb.)
- I can do whatever you tell me.
- They call me whenever they need anything.
As an Indirect object (Someone or something that receives a direct object.)
- I’ll give a free class to whoever answers this question.
- She had to do whatever she was told.
Extra Advanced Noun Clauses
You can have two noun clauses in a sentence like this example
- What surprises me the most is why they had to do it.
- Whatever answer she gives me will determine what role I will take in the project.
Try your examples below