Relative Clauses: The Grammar Gameshow Episode 11

Relative clauses made simple.

Quick one
These add extra information Sometimes, if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically.

We have two types
DEFINING
NON-DEFINING

DEFINING
A defining or identifying clause tells us which specific person or thing we are describing/talking about… If a defining relative clause is removed, the meaning of the sentence changes greatly.
It the information in the clause is very essential and without it we can’t undersand the who, what, whose, where or which

NOTE:A defining relative clause isn’t separated from the rest of the sentence by commas.
Examples
The man who is talking to her is my dad.
The girls who came last year were more beautiful:

Remove the clause in red and you will be asked this question Which man/girls?

NON-DEFINING
This gives us more or extra information about the person or thing we are talking about.

If a non-defining relative clause is removed/deleted from a sentence,the meaning of the sentence remains the same.
NOTE
Non-defining relative clauses are always set off from the rest of the sentence with commas
** NEVER USE THAT in Non-Defining relative clause as a rule.

eg. The teacher, whose wife is miss universe, is handsome.
His phone, which he bought, was stolen.

Remove the clause in red and the sentence will still be meaningful

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Non defining Relative clauses