Relative clauses made simple.
These add extra information Sometimes, if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically.
We have two types
A defining or identifying clause tells us which specific person or thing we are describing/talking about… If a defining relative clause is removed, the meaning of the sentence changes greatly.
It the information in the clause is very essential and without it we can’t undersand the who, what, whose, where or which
NOTE:A defining relative clause isn’t separated from the rest of the sentence by commas.
The man who is talking to her is my dad.
The girls who came last year were more beautiful:
Remove the clause in red and you will be asked this question Which man/girls?
This gives us more or extra information about the person or thing we are talking about.
If a non-defining relative clause is removed/deleted from a sentence,the meaning of the sentence remains the same.
Non-defining relative clauses are always set off from the rest of the sentence with commas
** NEVER USE THAT in Non-Defining relative clause as a rule.
eg. The teacher, whose wife is miss universe, is handsome.
His phone, which he bought, was stolen.
Remove the clause in red and the sentence will still be meaningful